The type and size of truck trailers

A Guide to Truck Trailers

Notes:

·         Truck trailers can vary significantly depending on the manufacturer and load requirements and the state roadway regulations, make sure to check the state you are in for regulations and guidelines

·         This is only a guide, and should not be used as a final word in dock planning

·         Be sure to verify incoming freight trailers with the customer to ensure all scenarios are covered

 

Standard Freight Trailer

 

·         Used to carry most freight (boxed, crated, palletized, etc)

·         Common lengths: 28’, 32’, 36’, 40’, 42’, 43’, 45’, 48’, 53’

·         Common widths: 96” – 102” (8’—8.5’)

·         Common heights: 12.5’ – 13.5’

·         Common axle/wheel ratios: 2 axle/8-wheel, heavy loads use 3 axle/12 wheel or 4 axle/ 16 wheel configurations

 

Common Dimensions of Standard Truck Trailers

OVERALLINTERIORREAR SWING DOORCAPACITY
(volume)
TARE
LengthWidthHeighLengthWidthHeighWidthHeigh
40'96"12' 6"39' 6"92.5"94.5"92"92"2,398 cu ft11,300 lbs
96"13' 0"39' 6"92.5"100.5"92"98"2,550 cu ft11,400 lbs
96"13' 6"39' 6"92.5"106.5"92"104"2,702 cu ft11,500 lbs
42' / 43'96"12' 6"41' 6"/42' 6"92.5"94.5"92"92"2,549 cu ft11,800/12,000 lbs
96"13' 0"41' 6"/42' 6"92.5"100.5"92"98"2,711 cu ft11,900/12,100 lbs
96"13' 6"41' 6"/42' 6"92.5"106.5"92"104"2,873 cu ft12,000/12,200 lbs
45'96"12' 6"44' 6"92.5"94.5"92"92"2,701 cu ft12,400 lbs
96"13' 0"44' 6"92.5"100.5"92"98"2,873 cu ft12,500 lbs
96"13' 6"44' 6"92.5"106.5"92"106"3,044 cu ft12,600 lbs
102"13' 6"44' 6"92.5"106.5"98"106"3,242 cu ft12,950 lbs
45' 96"

102"
13' 6"47' 6"92.5"106.5"92"106.5"3,250 cu ft13,200 lbs
13' 6"47' 6"98.5"100.625"98"100.625"3,464 cu ft13,500 lbs
13' 6"47' 6"98.5"108"98"108"3,509 cu ft13,500 lbs
53'102"13' 6"47' 6"98.5"107.375"94"102"3,489 cu ft14,400 lbs
48' Wedge102"13' 6"47' 6"98.5"
98.5"
Front 108"
Rear 110"
98"110"3,542 cu ft13,500 lbs
53' Wedge102"13' 6"52' 6"98.5"Front 108"
Rear 110"
98"110"3,914 cu ft14,400 lbs

 

Reefer (Refrigerated) Truck Trailer


·         Reefers are refrigerated by a unit commonly at the front of the trailer and are insulated to transport perishable goods

·         Common lengths: 28’, 32’, 36’, 40’, 48’, 53’

·         Common widths: 96”—102” (8’—8.5’)

·         Common heights: 12.5”—13.5”

·         Common axle/wheel ratios: 2 axle/8-wheel, heavy loads use 3 axle/12 wheel or 4 axle/ 16 wheel configurations

 

Common Dimensions of Reefer Truck Trailers

TYPEOVERALLINTERIORVOLUME
(approximate)
AIRFLOW
(approximate)
REFRIGERATION
CAPACITY
LengthWidthHeighLengthWidthHeigh
Single or Multi Temp28'96"13' 6"27' 3"90"104.5"1,780 cu ft2,500 - 3,500 cfm20,000 - 60,000 BTU
Single or Multi Temp32'96"13' 6"31' 3"90"104.5"2,040 cu ft2,500 - 3,500 cfm20,000 - 60,000 BTU
Single or Multi Temp36'96"13' 6"35' 3"90"104.5"2,300 cu ft2,500 - 3,500 cfm20,000 - 60,000 BTU
Single or Multi Temp40'96"13' 6"39' 3"90"104.5"2,560 cu ft2,500 - 3,500 cfm20,000 - 60,000 BTU
Single or Multi Temp48'96"13' 6"47' 3"90"104.5"3,080 cu ft2,500 - 3,500 cfm20,000 - 60,000 BTU
Single or Multi Temp53'102"13' 6"52' 3"97.4"104.5"3,693 cu ft2,500 - 3,500 cfm20,000 - 60,000 BTU

Container Skeletal Carrier

·         These trailers are designed to transport international cargo containers that can often range from 20’— 45’ in length

·         Some skeletal containers come in adjustable configurations to accommodate a wide range of containers

·         Brackets mounted on the trailer keep the container in place for roadway travel

·         Common axle/wheel ratios: 2 axle/8-wheel, heavy loads use 3 axle/12 wheel or 4 axle/ 16 wheel configurations

 

Common Dimensions of Container Skeletal Carriers

OVERALLCONTAINER
SIZES
TARENET
CAPACITY
GROSS
CAPACITY
LengthWidthHeigh
41.5'98"51.5"20' - 40'12,100 lbs / 5,500 kg71,390 lbs / 32,450 kg83,600 lbs / 38,000 kg

 

Platform (Flat Bed) Trailer

·         These trailers are designed to accommodate oversize cargo that wouldn’t normally fit into standard sized freight trailers

·         Platform trailers are also designed for transporting materials that must be loaded/unloaded from the top or side of the trailer

·         Common lengths: 26’, 40’, 42’, 45’, 48’

 

Common Dimensions of Platform Trailers

TYPEOVERALLTAREWEIGHT
CAPACITY
LengthWidth
Platform26'96"6,100 lbs.50,000 - 55,000 lbs.
Platform40'96"10,800 lbs.50,000 - 55,000 lbs.
Platform45'96"12,420 lbs.50,000 - 55,000 lbs.
Platform45'102"12,870 lbs.50,000 - 55,000 lbs.
Platform48'102"13,430 lbs.50,000 - 55,000 lbs.
Platform48' triaxle102"15,460 lbs.50,000 - 55,000 lbs.
Extendible40'-65'96"15,900 lbsNOTE:
Extendible Length/Weight Capacity
(decreases in extended position)
40'/80,000 lbs
50'/48,000 lbs
55'/35,000 lbs
60'/30,000 lbs
65'/27,000 lbs
70'/25,000 lbs
Extendible40'-65'102"16,500 lbs
Extendible45'-70'96"16,800 lbs
Extendible45'-73'96"/102"16,990/17,250 lbs
Extendible48'-76'96"/102"17,400/17,650 lbs
Extendible-Single Drop45'-65'96"17,500 lbs
Extendible-Triaxle45'-75'102"22,570 lbs

Platform Dropdeck/Gooseneck Trailers

·         Designed to accommodate oversized or special cargo much like a platform trailer

·         Common lengths: 40’, 42’, 45’, 48’

Common Dimensions of Goosenseck Trailers

TYPEOVERALLTAREWEIGHT
CAPACITY
LengthWidth
Dropdeck40'96"12,800 lbs.70,000 lbs.
Dropdeck42'96"13,200 lbs70,000 lbs.
Dropdeck45'96"13,600 lbs.66,000 lbs
Dropdeck48'196"13,060 lbs.66,000 lbs.
Dropdeck48'102"13,350 lbs.66,000 lbs.
Dropdeck48'102"14,100 lbs.66,000 lbs.
Lowbed40'96"15,900 lbs70,000 lbs.
Lowbed40'96"16,500 lbs70,000 lbs.
Lowbed40'102"16,800 lbs70,000 lbs.
Lowbed41.5'102"16,990/17,250 lbs70,000 lbs.

Deep Drop Furniture/Electronics Trailers

·         These trailers are designed to transport relatively large, bulky, and light cargo

·         Common lengths: 45’, 48’, 53’

·         Standard heights: 13’ 6”

·         Standard widths: 96”—102”

·         Lower rear deck to facilitate greater cargo capacities

·         Often these will have air ride suspensions to protect fragile cargo

 

Common Deep Drop/Electronics Dimensions

OVERALLINTERIORREAR SWING DOORVOLUMETARE
LengthWidthHeighLengthWidthHeighWidthHeigh
45'96"13' 6"44' 7"92.5"106"/123"92"119"3,420 cu ft13,500 lbs
48'102"13' 6"47' 7"98.5"106"/122"98"118"3,789 cu ft14,250 lbs
53'102"13' 6"52' 7"98.5"106"/119"98"119"4,395 cu ft15,000 lbs

 

Timber Trailers (Loggers)

·         These are basically flat bed trailers with vertical stakes to hold logs in place

·         Common lengths: 40’—53’ (singles) 28’—32’ (tandems)

·         Common axle/wheel ratios: 2 axle/8-wheel, heavy loads use 3 axle/12 wheel or 4 axle/ 16 wheel configurations

·         Some loggers are equipped with cranes for loading and unloading timber

 

Common Logger Dimensions

TYPEOVERALLTAREWEIGHT
CAPACITY
LengthWidth
Dropdeck40'96"12,800 lbs.70,000 lbs.
Dropdeck42'96"13,200 lbs70,000 lbs.
Dropdeck45'96"13,600 lbs.66,000 lbs
Dropdeck48'196"13,060 lbs.66,000 lbs.
Dropdeck48'102"13,350 lbs.66,000 lbs.
Dropdeck48'102"14,100 lbs.66,000 lbs.
Lowbed40'96"15,900 lbs70,000 lbs.
Lowbed40'96"16,500 lbs70,000 lbs.
Lowbed40'102"16,800 lbs70,000 lbs.
Lowbed41.5'102"16,990/17,250 lbs70,000 lbs.

Deep Drop Furniture/Electronics Trailers

·         These trailers are designed to transport relatively large, bulky, and light cargo

·         Common lengths: 45’, 48’, 53’

·         Standard heights: 13’ 6”

·         Standard widths: 96”—102”

·         Lower rear deck to facilitate greater cargo capacities

·         Often these will have air ride suspensions to protect fragile cargo

 

Common Deep Drop/Electronics Dimensions

OVERALLWHEEL BASEAXLESDROPSTAKE HEIGHTCAPACITY
LengthWidthHeigh
48'102"12' 9"37' 6.5"550"8' 7"25,000 lbs
(actual load dependent upon diameter and shape of logs)
48' 8"102"13' 10"38' 1.5"359.5"8' 10.5"25,000 lbs
(actual load dependent upon diameter and shape of logs)
48' 8"102"13' 10"38' 1.5"355.75"9' 3"22,500 lbs
(actual load dependent upon diameter and shape of logs)
50'114"*15'*38' 1.5"358"10' 2" 22,500 lbs
(actual load dependent upon diameter and shape of logs)

* Non-US interstate highway configuration.